Vast riparian bottomland forests and swamp wetlands border the river, which make it ideal for multitudes of animals, birds, fishes, and invertebrates. Two federally listed species can be found in the river, the Gulf sturgeon and the ringed map turtle. Use caution on high sandbars that support nesting habitat for the ringed map turtle. Do not disturb these turtles, even while basking, and avoid trampling their nesting areas during the summer nesting season.
Extensive freshwater forested/shrub wetlands with seasonally flooded bottomland hardwoods and cypress swamps are perfect for observing wildlife and migratory birds. Predominately a Southern floodplain forest comprised of various ecological communities including cypress/tupelo sloughs, bottomland hardwood forest, mixed pine/oak forest, and pure loblolly pine timber stands.